Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Counselling London | Milan | Rome | Online
What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (also known as OCD) is a mental health condition characterised by obsessive and/or compulsive symptoms that cause intense anxiety and fear.
Obsessions can be defined as recurrent, repetitive and persistent thoughts, impulses or images, experienced as intrusive and unwanted. Often those affected by obsessions try to ignore or suppress such thoughts or attempt to neutralise them with other thoughts or actions, without however succeeding. Obsessive thoughts are unpleasant. They can cause fear, anxiety, tension or even disgust.
Compulsions can be defined as repetitive behaviours or actions that the individual feels obliged to implement in response to obsession(s) or according to rules that must be applied rigidly. Compulsions can be seen as actions that are aimed at preventing or reducing anxiety. However, these behaviours or actions are not realistically connected with what they are designed to neutralise or prevent, or are clearly excessive.
Signs of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
According to the DSM-5, common signs that an individual may be struggling coping with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder include the following:
A. The presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both. Obsessions are defined by:
1. Recurrent and persistent thoughts, urges, or impulses that are experienced, at some time during the disturbance, as intrusive and unwanted, and that in most individuals cause marked anxiety or distress.
2. The individual attempts to ignore or suppress such thoughts, urges, or images, or to neutralize them with some other thought or action.
Compulsions are defined by:
1. Repetitive behaviours (e.g., hand washing, ordering, checking) or mental acts (e.g., praying, counting, repeating words silently) that the individual feels driven to perform in response to an obsession or according to rules that must be applied rigidly.
2. The behaviours or mental acts are aimed at preventing or reducing anxiety or distress, or preventing some dreaded event or situation; however, these behaviors or mental acts are not connected in a realistic way with what they are designed to neutralize or prevent, or are clearly excessive.
B. The obsessions or compulsions are time-consuming or cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
Treatment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
It is possible to treat OCD and therapy can be a useful tool to help you deal with your OCD problems. The most effective treatment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
For more information about talking therapies and treatment programmes available at our Clinics in London, Milan and Rome please visit our Treatment page.
All our Therapists offer Psychological Therapies for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Click here to meet the Team.
Further Reading about OCD
Please click here to view a comprehensive list of blogs about OCD. Additionally, with the rise of technology, you now have access to applications you can use on your phone. Please click here to view an app created by the OCD community to help you manage your OCD. It is important to note that the aforementioned self-help tools are best used in addition to working with your therapist.