Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Counselling London | Milan | Rome | Online
What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (also known as PTSD) refers to the psychological suffering that results from a traumatic, catastrophic or violent event.
The diagnosis of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder requires the symptoms to be a consequence of a critical event, but having experienced a critical experience in itself does not automatically cause the onset of the disorder.
The signs of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
The term Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is commonly used to describe a sustained anxiety disorder in individuals following catastrophic events, characterised by the following signs (DSM-V criteria):
Criterion A (one required): The person was exposed to: death, threatened death, actual or threatened serious injury, or actual or threatened sexual violence, in the following way(s):
- Direct exposure
- Witnessing the trauma
- Learning that a relative or close friend was exposed to a trauma
- Indirect exposure to aversive details of the trauma, usually in the course of professional duties (e.g., first responders, medics)
Criterion B (one required): The traumatic event is persistently re-experienced, in the following way(s):
- Unwanted upsetting memories
- Emotional distress after exposure to traumatic reminders
- Physical reactivity after exposure to traumatic reminders
Criterion C (one required): Avoidance of trauma-related stimuli after the trauma, in the following way(s):
- Trauma-related thoughts or feelings
- Trauma-related reminders
Criterion D (two required): Negative thoughts or feelings that began or worsened after the trauma, in the following way(s):
- Inability to recall key features of the trauma
- Overly negative thoughts and assumptions about oneself or the world
- Exaggerated blame of self or others for causing the trauma
- Negative affect
- Decreased interest in activities
- Feeling isolated
- Difficulty experiencing positive affect
Criterion E (two required): Trauma-related arousal and reactivity that began or worsened after the trauma, in the following way(s):
- Irritability or aggression
- Risky or destructive behaviour
- Heightened startle reaction
- Difficulty concentrating
- Difficulty sleeping
Criterion F (required): Symptoms last for more than 1 month.
Criterion G (required): Symptoms create distress or functional impairment (e.g., social, occupational).
Criterion H (required): Symptoms are not due to medication, substance use, or other illness.
Treatment for PTSD
Research has shown that most effective treatments for PTSD are Trauma-focused Cognitive Behavioural therapy and EMDR.
For more information about talking therapies and treatment programmes available at our Clinics in London, Milan and Rome please visit our Treatment page.
All our Therapists offer Psychological Therapies for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder to Adults, Children and Teenagers. Click here to meet the Team.